01 Feb 2020

New media in the Arab world: between war and peace

Media in Arab world
New media in the Arab world: between war and peace

Prem Rawat, a peace ambassador who advocates human dignity and prosperity said being awakened means being alive. Besides, the peace mediator said that it is crucial to awaken in order to rejoice and become personally fulfilled.

He is a promoter of world peace through speech and words of peace. This is a highlight on the new media in the Arab World, a world where freedom of speech has been violated. What are the impacts of the new media on war and peace?

Why does the Arab World need new media?

The Arab world is located in some parts of Africa and Asia, having a total area of over 5 million square miles together. The Arab world consists of 22 Arab states. The Arab world populations have been denied of their rights to express themselves without restrictions. They have been subjected to violence and all kinds of abuses, denying us of many of our fundamental rights.

As a result, it is avoided to denounce cases of corruption, economic mismanagement or political dissension for fear of violent sanctions. Human rights and human dignity are not respected in most Arab states. Therefore, the social networking media are crucial to address such abuses and remedy the situation.

How does the Arab world address the issue?

Gone were the days when individuals had been restricted of speech and were refrained from voicing out their concerns in the Arab World. The Arab Spring is a new movement which empowers individuals to communicate freely among each other. The Arab Spring is also known as the Arab Awakening.

Social media is the use of social networking to facilitate communication among people. Whether it is to promote peace or to plan acts of violence, the new media has influential roles in the Arab world.

How do the new media affect the Arab World?

  • Thanks to the new media, it has become possible for any concerned individuals to participate freely in political protests. Social networks make it possible to plan meetings, organize political rallies and demonstrations. 
  • On the other hand, social media facilitate raising global awareness of any event which is happening in any country of the Arab world. It is possible to use the new media to transmit words of peace and negotiation talks to solve ongoing conflicts peacefully.

The force of the new media to change the world

Social media networks can help organize both constructive and destructive events for the Arabian countries. In 2010 for example, the Tunisian activists transferred pre-recorded videos from mobiles to social network tools like Facebook and YouTube. The news spread at an inconsiderable speed that it could reach a large number of targeted protesters in no time at all. Likewise, similar campaigners in Iraq used Twitter in 2009 to inspire one another and overthrow President Hosni Mubarak.

However, data transmission through satellite and SMS messages facilitates organizations of peace-keeping measures to resolve issues. For example, a group of social activists which is identified as the Ushahidi took the initiative to collect data related to human rights abuses in some conflicting areas and shared it on Google.

The collected data on the live maps help people take measures and address humanitarian needs in the reported areas. In brief, the new media is a double-edged tool because, on the one hand, it is both considered as a force of war; but it also serves as a tool of peace.